COLCHESTER

COLCHESTER, country town of Essex, England. In the Middle Ages the town harbored a Jewish community, which ranked ninth in importance among the English Jewries in the northampton Donum of 1194. On the organization of the exchequer of the jews , Colchester became the seat of an archa for the registration of Jewish transactions. The Ashmolean Museum holds a mid-13th century bowl engraved in Hebrew probably owned by Joseph of Colchester. In 1277 a number of local Jews and Christians were involved together in a breach of the Forest Laws. On the expulsion of the Jews from England in 1290, nine houses owned by the Jews on Stockwell Street, as well as the synagogue, escheated to the crown. A short-lived Jewish community was established at the close of the 18th century. A congregation was established in 1957, and 27 Jews were living there in 1967. In 2004 the Jewish population numbered approximately 100. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, England, index; Roth, in: AJA, 3 (1957), 22–25; J. Jacobs, Jews of Angevin England (1893), passim; J. Jacobs, Jewish Ideals (1896), 225ff,; Neubauer, in: REJ, 5 (1882), 246ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: JYB 2004; D. Stephenson, in: Essex Arcaeol. & Hist. Jnl. 16 (1983–84), 48–52; VCH Essex, 9 (1994), 27–28; M.M. Archibald and B.J. Crook, English Medieval Coin Hoards I, BM Occasional Paper 87 (2001), 67–142; H.G. Richardson, English Jewry Under the Angevin Kings (1960), index. (Cecil Roth / Joe Hillaby (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Colchester — Das Stadtzentrum von Colchester (2004) Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Colchester — Colchester, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1493 Housing Units (2000): 694 Land area (2000): 0.994842 sq. miles (2.576630 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.994842 sq. miles (2.576630… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Colchester, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1493 Housing Units (2000): 694 Land area (2000): 0.994842 sq. miles (2.576630 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.994842 sq. miles (2.576630 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Colchester —   [ kəʊltʃɪstə], Stadt in der County Essex, Südostengland, am unteren Colne, 96 100 Einwohner; Universität; Garnisonsstadt; Maschinenbau, Leichtindustrie.   Stadtbild:   Nach der Eroberung durch die Normannen wurde in Colchester an der Stelle… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Colchester [1] — Colchester (spr. Kohltschester), 1) Hauptstadt der englischen Grafschaft Essex, am Colne u. der Eisenbahn von London nach Norwich; Hafen, Schloß (Zuchthaus), große Baracken, 2 Episkopal u. 13 andere Kirchen, Medicinische Gesellschaft, Wollen u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Colchester [2] — Colchester (spr. Kohltschester), Charles Abbot, Viscount von C., s. Abbot 3) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Colchester [1] — Colchester (spr. kōltschestr), 1) Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Essex, auf einer Anhöhe am schiffbaren Colne, 12 km oberhalb dessen Mündung bei Brightlingsea, hat einen gewaltigen Schloßturm aus der Zeit Wilhelms des Eroberers …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colchester [2] — Colchester (spr. koltschestr), Charles Abbot, Lord, geb. 14. Okt. 1757 in Abindon, gest. 7. Mai 1829, studierte unter anderm in Genf, wo er zu Johann von Müller in nähere Beziehung trat, saß seit 1795 im Parlament, wurde 1801 unter Addington… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colchester — Colchĕster (spr. kohltsch ), Hafenstadt in der engl. Grafsch. Essex, am Colne, (1901) 38.373 E.; alte Normannenburg, röm. Altertümer, Austernzucht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colchester [1] — Colchester (Kolltscheßter), Hauptstadt der engl. Grafschaft Essex mit 22000 E.; guter Hafen, Austernfischerei, große Branntweinbrennereien …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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